Most of us see pictures in two dimensions.
This is because our lens is directly parallel with the scene we’re trying to capture, so we ‘see’ the scene as the plane directly in front of us.
Parallel composition using only one plane directly in front of the lens.
But seeing can change; we can learn to see in multiple planes, to create a three dimensional rendition in an image that is two-dimensional. It’s like ‘fooling’ the eye looking at an image, much like a sketch of a building using perspective fools the eye into thinking it is three-dimensional. The transformation in imagery comes about from a change in seeing multiple planes in an image we want to capture.
Multiple planes in photos create the illusion of depth.
One of a photographer’s challenges is to see multiple planes, and make photos that look like the scene itself—with volume, with mass, alive in all its dimensions.
Here are a few things I’ve tried that you might like to, and give depth to your compositions.
Make an image that identifies different planes
An image with two planes.
This photo of the doorway to Doi Suthep temple in Chiang Mai opens directly to a courtyard encircled by Buddha images. By taking the photo of the doorway and including the Buddha statue in the background, the image identifies two planes, one of the door diagonal to the camera, and the Buddha on an intersecting plane, like in the illustration below.
Illustration showing the set up to the temple photo with two planes.
In a similar composition below also of a door to a temple in Bhutan, there are three planes identified. The first plane is the door itself, parallel to the camera. The second plane is the ground leading the eye inside the door to the courtyard, and finally the third plane is the building beyond the open door.
Three planes intersecting in an image.
Use perspective in the background
Perspective is useful, and we can create this in several ways.
Standing at an angle to the subject achieves depth in the photograph. In the example of the daisies, I stood at an angle close to the row of flowers, making sure I had a shallow enough depth of field to create blur in both the foreground and the background. The combination of the angle at which the photo was taken and the blur from a shallow depth of field created the depth necessary to make the photo a bit more interesting than just a straight shot of lines of flowers.
Standing at an angle and using shallow DOF created a dynamic photo of a row of flowers.
Another way to create perspective is to use the background lines. In the photo below of the path around a crafter’s village, I stood behind some merchandise and included the lines of the road leading into the horizon. This instantly creates depth.
Using the line of the road to create perspective.
Still another way to create perspective is to include the natural perspective that is created by lines in a landscape. In this photo, the river snaking through the Punakha valley leads the eye from the foreground to the background. Lines in the frame can help us use perspective which gives the image depth.
The river runs through the valley, and creates perspective in the frame.
Suggest other planes in the image
Planes gives the audience ‘layers’ of information in a photo.
In this photo of a temple, I used the reflection of some of the temple elements to suggest its presence. Although the only clues the viewer gets of the temple are the spires reflected in a lotus pond, the viewer can figure out its location, toward the back of the pond, and expands the image to encompass a mysterious part of its story. This sort of complexity in visualizing seems fresh to the viewer and tickles the imagination.
Suggesting other elements that are present beyond the frame creates an opportunity for the viewer to fill in other planes.
This week, try creating images with multiple planes. Upload your best image to the Imagine That Photography Tribe page on Facebook, and discuss how you changed the way you see.
Welcome back and thanks for reading Imagine That!
If you like what’s on the blog, let us know by commenting! To keep updated with new posts, subscribe to Imagine That! by clicking on the RSS Feed button on the upper right of the Homepage. It would also be cool to be friends with you on Facebook, or connect with you on Twitter.
You might also like:
6 Things that can Change the Way You See in Photography
Week 4 Module Looking for Light
10 Things that will Transform Your Photographic Composition
10 Small Things that Make a Big Difference in Your Photos